INTRODUCTION TO NOSQL DATABASES PDF



Introduction To Nosql Databases Pdf

Introduction to NoSQL Databases. Introductory Infodeck to NoSQL Databases. This is a PDF infodeck written by Pramod and me that provides a brief intro to NoSQL databases. Our intention is to explain to a technical manager audience why NoSQL databases are important., A beginner's introduction to core concepts of NoSQL databases and their advantages..

Introduction to NoSQL and Polyglot Persistence Rubik's Code

Teaching Case Introduction to NoSQL in a Traditional. NoSQL Databases. In recent years, Internet has grown into new types of applications to handle huge amounts of data. In those systems, what matters is the flexibility, velocity and the ability to scale horizontally rather than other issues like consistency or perfect data models., A quick introduction to NoSQL databases, highlighting the key areas where traditional relational databases fall short, leads to the first takeaway: “While relational databases offer consistency, they are not optimized for high performance in applications where massive data is ….

A beginner's guide to get you up and running with Cassandra, DynamoDB, HBase, InfluxDB, MongoDB, Neo4j, and Redis Key Features Covers the basics of 7 NoSQL databases and how they are used in the enterprises Quick introduction to MongoDB, DynamoDB, Redis, Cassandra, Neo4j, InfluxDB, and HBase Includes effective techniques for database querying [ 31 ] Chapter 4: Building an Application with C#, Cosmos DB, a NoSQL Document Database, and the SQL API

You can learn more about MongoDB by reading the Introduction to MongoDB manual and by enrolling on an online MongoDB University course. You can register for future webinars or watch past webinars in this Back to Basics series by clicking on the links below. Introduction Oracle NoSQL Database enables the creation of innovative applications that engage customers and create business value for constantly changing business requirements. Your organization can quickly respond to new opportunities that require very fast storage and retrieval of data with extremely low latency. Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable, distributed NoSQL database, …

The design of NoSQL databases is based on distributed systems. 3 In short, they are designed to work as a cluster, that is, a set of nodes (machines) that are connected and that communicate over a network to address a specific problem (in this case, the data persistence problem). View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil …

NoSQL databases don’t care too much about defining a structure or a schema. Many of the NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB and Neo4j, just don’t have any notion of a predefined structure. Many of the NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB and Neo4j, just don’t have any notion of a … • Introduction to NoSQL • Basic Concepts for NoSQL • Overview of NoSQL Systems 2. NoSQL Data Management History of NoSQL • SQL Databases were dominant for decades Persistent storage Standards based Concurrency Control Application Integration ACID • Designed to run on a single „big“ machine • Cloud computing changes that dramatically Cluster of machines Large amount of

8/04/2018 · Introduction to Nosql Databases. April 8, 2018 By pramodpk89 in Cassandra No Comments Tags: casandra introduction, no sql databases, no sql db, no sql fundamentals. Databases are the primary storage tiers in any software applications.In modern days a lot of data is being stored in persistant cache layers to reduce database load.The most popular way of storing data in databases … Introduction to NOSQL / Others / MISC / Introduction to NOSQL. NoSQL is a set of concepts that allows the rapid and efficient processing of data sets with a focus on performance, reliability, and agility. It’s not about the SQL language—The definition of NoSQL isn’t an application that uses a language other than SQL. SQL as well as other query languages are used with NoSQL databases

You can learn more about MongoDB by reading the Introduction to MongoDB manual and by enrolling on an online MongoDB University course. You can register for future webinars or watch past webinars in this Back to Basics series by clicking on the links below. NoSQL is a class of database management system identified by its non-adherence to the widely used relational database management system (RDBMS) model with its structured query language (SQL).

NoSQL products' categories NoSQL products can be categorized in – Document databases – Key/value stores – Sorted ordered column-oriented stores – Graph databases – XML data stores . A beginner's guide to get you up and running with Cassandra, DynamoDB, HBase, InfluxDB, MongoDB, Neo4j, and Redis Key Features Covers the basics of 7 NoSQL databases and how they are used in the enterprises Quick introduction to MongoDB, DynamoDB, Redis, Cassandra, Neo4j, InfluxDB, and HBase Includes effective techniques for database querying

NoSQL database schema can be dynamically altered, there is still the consideration that existing database applications that use the database will have to be altered to use the new data structures. Thus, there is an expense of maintaining existing code to use new data structures, which should A quick introduction to NoSQL databases, highlighting the key areas where traditional relational databases fall short, leads to the first takeaway: “While relational databases offer consistency, they are not optimized for high performance in applications where massive data is …

Introduction to NoSQL Databases. Data Modeling REALITY •structures •processes DATABASE SYSTEM MODEL data modeling The modelrepresents a perception of structures of reality The data modeling process is to fix a perception of, [ 31 ] Chapter 4: Building an Application with C#, Cosmos DB, a NoSQL Document Database, and the SQL API.

Back to Basics Webinar 1 Introduction to NoSQL MongoDB

introduction to nosql databases pdf

What is NoSQL – Introduction to NoSQL Databases Intellipaat. A beginner's introduction to core concepts of NoSQL databases and their advantages., View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil ….

Introduction to NoSQL Carleton University

introduction to nosql databases pdf

‘Introduction to Apache Cassandra’ by Datastax NoSQL. Introduction NoSQL is the fastest growing technology in the current scenario. NoSQL stands for Not Only SQL. It is a whole new way of thinking about databases. Introduction to NoSQL Databases. Wide-area Network Partition Views Comments Ratings A German user watches a YouTube video, rates it, then comments. Video = +1 comment, +1 view, +1 rating. NoSQL vs. SQL NoSQL •Availability first (Consistency second) SQL (Traditional RDBS databases) •Consistency first (Availability second) End of Sample Slides 3 of 37 slides in presentation. ….

introduction to nosql databases pdf


You can learn more about MongoDB by reading the Introduction to MongoDB manual and by enrolling on an online MongoDB University course. You can register for future webinars or watch past webinars in this Back to Basics series by clicking on the links below. Introduction to NoSQL Database: They were created to overcome the limitations of relational databases. They are easy to scale and have high availability. They are easy to …

Teaching Case . Introduction to NoSQL in a Traditional Database Course . Brad Fowler . Joy Godin . Margaret Geddy . Department of Information Systems and Computer Science 4/18/2018 2 Types and Examples •Document database : A document-oriented database, or document store, is a computer program designed for storing, retrieving and

Introduction to NoSQL. NoSQL, as many of you may already know, is basically a database used to manage huge sets of unstructured data, where in the data is not stored in tabular relations like relational databases. Spring 2017 CS185C Section 2 Introduction to NoSQL databases Instructor: Dr. Kim Days and Time: TR 10:30 – 11:45 Course Prerequisites: CS157A or equivalent

If NoSQL is all about leaving SQL behind, then what takes its place? First, we need to clear something up: NoSQL is a bad name. Really, these are non-relational databases. Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology Uppsala University 2013-03-05

View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil … Teaching Case . Introduction to NoSQL in a Traditional Database Course . Brad Fowler . Joy Godin . Margaret Geddy . Department of Information Systems and Computer Science

A Study of NoSQL and NewSQL databases for data aggregation on Big Data ANANDA SENTRAYA PERUMAL MURUGAN Stockholm 2013 Master’s at ICT Supervisor: Magnus Eriksson, Scania Examiner: Johan Montelius, KTH TRITA-ICT-EX-2013:256. Acknowledgements This thesis project is undertaken in Scania IT Architecture office under the supervision of Magnus Eriksson and it is … About This Course. As a data pro, you know that some scenarios—particularly those involving real-time analytics, site personalization, IoT, and mobile apps—are better addressed with NoSQL storage and compute solutions than they are with relational databases.

NoSQL products' categories NoSQL products can be categorized in – Document databases – Key/value stores – Sorted ordered column-oriented stores – Graph databases – XML data stores . Introduction to NoSQL CEDRIC Lab -Vertigo N. Travers DBMS vs NoSQL Introduction to NoSQL CEDRIC Lab -Vertigo N. Travers Context • Applications and Web platforms

Introduction to NoSQL Databases Databases 2 (VU) (706.711 / 707.030) Roman Kern Institute of Interactive Systems and Data Science, Technical University Graz In this course, we will provide an overview of the NoSQL database landscape, the benefits of using a Database-as-a-Service offering, and where Cloudant fits into the picture. Additionally, we'll get you started with using Cloudant by providing tutorials on account sign up, creating and rep

introduction to nosql databases pdf

Introduction to NoSQL. NoSQL, as many of you may already know, is basically a database used to manage huge sets of unstructured data, where in the data is not stored in tabular relations like relational databases. 24/05/2017В В· This is a beginners guide to NoSQL databases. We will talk about what they are, the advantages and disadvantages of NoSQL and relational databases and also the different types of NoSQL including

Unit 4 Introduction to NoSQL.pdf - Introduction to NoSQL

introduction to nosql databases pdf

Introduction to NoSQL Databases ict.ac.cn. The global NoSQL market is expected to reach $3.4 Billion by 2020 with a CAGR of 35.1%. The age of digitization has made the world generate massive amounts of data. Most of the conventional databases are not prepared to handle these data seamlessly which gives rise to the need to create the kind of, Introduction NoSQL – purpose-built data management NoSQL systems are purpose-built solutions, designed to address specific technical requirements..

Course 441Introduction to NoSQL Databases – ROI Training

Introduction to NoSQL and DBaaS Database Trends and. About This Course. As a data pro, you know that some scenarios—particularly those involving real-time analytics, site personalization, IoT, and mobile apps—are better addressed with NoSQL storage and compute solutions than they are with relational databases., Introduction to NoSQL Database: They were created to overcome the limitations of relational databases. They are easy to scale and have high availability. They are easy to ….

Spring 2017 CS185C Section 2 Introduction to NoSQL databases Instructor: Dr. Kim Days and Time: TR 10:30 – 11:45 Course Prerequisites: CS157A or equivalent With the advent of Big Data and agile development methodologies, NoSQL databases have gained a lot of relevance. Their main advantage is the ability to handle effectively scalability and flexibility issues for modern applications.

Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology. Uppsala University. 2015-12-06 [ 31 ] Chapter 4: Building an Application with C#, Cosmos DB, a NoSQL Document Database, and the SQL API

Course 441: Introduction to NoSQL Databases (4 days) Course Description. The growth of the internet has brought along with it the phenomena of Big Data and its massive quantities of rapidly evolving, unstructured information. Introduction to NoSQL CEDRIC Lab -Vertigo N. Travers DBMS vs NoSQL Introduction to NoSQL CEDRIC Lab -Vertigo N. Travers Context • Applications and Web platforms

Introduction to NoSQL databases Tutorial Welcome to the first chapter of the MongoDB tutorial (part of the MongoDB Developer and Administrator Course ). This tutorial provides an introduction to the NoSQL and NoSQL database. Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology Uppsala University 2013-03-05

A Study of NoSQL and NewSQL databases for data aggregation on Big Data ANANDA SENTRAYA PERUMAL MURUGAN Stockholm 2013 Master’s at ICT Supervisor: Magnus Eriksson, Scania Examiner: Johan Montelius, KTH TRITA-ICT-EX-2013:256. Acknowledgements This thesis project is undertaken in Scania IT Architecture office under the supervision of Magnus Eriksson and it is … Forrester Wave TM: NoSQL Key-Value Databases, Q3 2014 Oracle Confidential – Internal/Restricted/Highly Restricted 11 •“Oracle’s NoSQL database, based on BerkelyDB, has

The design of NoSQL databases is based on distributed systems. 3 In short, they are designed to work as a cluster, that is, a set of nodes (machines) that are connected and that communicate over a network to address a specific problem (in this case, the data persistence problem). Introduction to NOSQL / Others / MISC / Introduction to NOSQL. NoSQL is a set of concepts that allows the rapid and efficient processing of data sets with a focus on performance, reliability, and agility. It’s not about the SQL language—The definition of NoSQL isn’t an application that uses a language other than SQL. SQL as well as other query languages are used with NoSQL databases

In this course, we will provide an overview of the NoSQL database landscape, the benefits of using a Database-as-a-Service offering, and where Cloudant fits into the picture. Additionally, we'll get you started with using Cloudant by providing tutorials on account sign up, creating and rep NoSQL is a class of database management system identified by its non-adherence to the widely used relational database management system (RDBMS) model with its structured query language (SQL).

A Study of NoSQL and NewSQL databases for data aggregation on Big Data ANANDA SENTRAYA PERUMAL MURUGAN Stockholm 2013 Master’s at ICT Supervisor: Magnus Eriksson, Scania Examiner: Johan Montelius, KTH TRITA-ICT-EX-2013:256. Acknowledgements This thesis project is undertaken in Scania IT Architecture office under the supervision of Magnus Eriksson and it is … o Other SQL Databases Don’t Handle Data Relationships o Use the Right Database for the Right Job o Value From Data Relationships: Common Use Cases o What Can be Vertices? Find the Network o What Can be Edges? Graph Algorithms o Page Rank o Page Rank: After First Results o Page Rank: Start of 2nd Iteration o Page Rank: After 2nd Iteration o Page Rank: After 3rd Iteration o Page Rank

View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil … A quick introduction to NoSQL databases, highlighting the key areas where traditional relational databases fall short, leads to the first takeaway: “While relational databases offer consistency, they are not optimized for high performance in applications where massive data is …

• Introduction to NoSQL • Basic Concepts for NoSQL • Overview of NoSQL Systems 2. NoSQL Data Management History of NoSQL • SQL Databases were dominant for decades Persistent storage Standards based Concurrency Control Application Integration ACID • Designed to run on a single „big“ machine • Cloud computing changes that dramatically Cluster of machines Large amount of Introduction to NoSQL Databases Databases 2 (VU) (706.711 / 707.030) Roman Kern Institute of Interactive Systems and Data Science, Technical University Graz

Introduction to NoSQL Database: They were created to overcome the limitations of relational databases. They are easy to scale and have high availability. They are easy to … MongoDB is an open-source, document-oriented, NoSQL database program. If you’ve been involved with the traditional, relational databases for long, the idea of a document-oriented, NoSQL database

NoSQL databases don’t care too much about defining a structure or a schema. Many of the NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB and Neo4j, just don’t have any notion of a predefined structure. Many of the NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB and Neo4j, just don’t have any notion of a … A beginner's guide to get you up and running with Cassandra, DynamoDB, HBase, InfluxDB, MongoDB, Neo4j, and Redis Key Features Covers the basics of 7 NoSQL databases and how they are used in the enterprises Quick introduction to MongoDB, DynamoDB, Redis, Cassandra, Neo4j, InfluxDB, and HBase Includes effective techniques for database querying

View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil … A beginner's guide to get you up and running with Cassandra, DynamoDB, HBase, InfluxDB, MongoDB, Neo4j, and Redis Key Features Covers the basics of 7 NoSQL databases and how they are used in the enterprises Quick introduction to MongoDB, DynamoDB, Redis, Cassandra, Neo4j, InfluxDB, and HBase Includes effective techniques for database querying

In this course, we will provide an overview of the NoSQL database landscape, the benefits of using a Database-as-a-Service offering, and where Cloudant fits into the picture. Additionally, we'll get you started with using Cloudant by providing tutorials on account sign up, creating and rep Introduction to NoSQL Databases Databases 2 (VU) (706.711 / 707.030) Roman Kern Institute of Interactive Systems and Data Science, Technical University Graz

A Study of NoSQL and NewSQL databases for data aggregation on Big Data ANANDA SENTRAYA PERUMAL MURUGAN Stockholm 2013 Master’s at ICT Supervisor: Magnus Eriksson, Scania Examiner: Johan Montelius, KTH TRITA-ICT-EX-2013:256. Acknowledgements This thesis project is undertaken in Scania IT Architecture office under the supervision of Magnus Eriksson and it is … 24/05/2017 · This is a beginners guide to NoSQL databases. We will talk about what they are, the advantages and disadvantages of NoSQL and relational databases and also the different types of NoSQL including

NoSQL products' categories NoSQL products can be categorized in – Document databases – Key/value stores – Sorted ordered column-oriented stores – Graph databases – XML data stores . Introduction to NoSQL Database: They were created to overcome the limitations of relational databases. They are easy to scale and have high availability. They are easy to …

Unraveling NoSQL and trying to explain what it is and whether you'd be interested in it or not is difficult. This article aims to give a high level introduction to NoSQL and provides a comparison of the latest technologies in this space. Introduction. In the computing system (web and business applications), there are enormous data that comes out every day from the web. A large section of these data is handled by Relational database management systems (RDBMS).

Introduction to NoSQL Data Solutions Netec Digital

introduction to nosql databases pdf

Introduction to NoSQL Data Solutions Netec Digital. Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology Uppsala University 2013-03-05, View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil ….

An Introduction to NoSQL Databases Open Source For You

introduction to nosql databases pdf

Introduction to NoSQL Databases Uppsala University. Introduction to NoSQL Database NoSQL, known as Not only SQL database, provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data and is the next generation database . It has a distributed architecture with MongoDB and is open source. Data Modeling REALITY •structures •processes DATABASE SYSTEM MODEL data modeling The modelrepresents a perception of structures of reality The data modeling process is to fix a perception of.

introduction to nosql databases pdf

  • NoSQL No Problem An Intro to NoSQL Databases ThoughtWorks
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  • MongoDB is an open-source, document-oriented, NoSQL database program. If you’ve been involved with the traditional, relational databases for long, the idea of a document-oriented, NoSQL database Introduction to SQL and NoSQL Databases. SQL (Structured Query Language) and NoSQL (commonly defined as “Not only Structured Query Language”) are the 2 most-popular querying languages in database management systems.

    Introductory Infodeck to NoSQL Databases. This is a PDF infodeck written by Pramod and me that provides a brief intro to NoSQL databases. Our intention is to explain to a technical manager audience why NoSQL databases are important. A quick introduction to NoSQL databases, highlighting the key areas where traditional relational databases fall short, leads to the first takeaway: “While relational databases offer consistency, they are not optimized for high performance in applications where massive data is …

    A beginner's guide to get you up and running with Cassandra, DynamoDB, HBase, InfluxDB, MongoDB, Neo4j, and Redis Key Features Covers the basics of 7 NoSQL databases and how they are used in the enterprises Quick introduction to MongoDB, DynamoDB, Redis, Cassandra, Neo4j, InfluxDB, and HBase Includes effective techniques for database querying Introduction to NoSQL and Polyglot Persistence July 19, 2017 October 16, 2017 by rubikscode 8 Comments Today we are facing the rapid expansion of data-driven businesses, especially businesses that are web-based and have an enormous amount of data that is being transferred every second.

    Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology. Uppsala University. 2015-12-06 The rise of NoSQL databases marks the end of the era of relational database dominance. But NoSQL databases will not become the new dominators. Relational …

    In this course, we will provide an overview of the NoSQL database landscape, the benefits of using a Database-as-a-Service offering, and where Cloudant fits into the picture. Additionally, we'll get you started with using Cloudant by providing tutorials on account sign up, creating and rep A beginner's introduction to core concepts of NoSQL databases and their advantages.

    The global NoSQL market is expected to reach $3.4 Billion by 2020 with a CAGR of 35.1%. The age of digitization has made the world generate massive amounts of data. Most of the conventional databases are not prepared to handle these data seamlessly which gives rise to the need to create the kind of View Unit 4 - Introduction to NoSQL.pdf from CISC 525 at Harrisburg University Of Science And Technology Hi. Introduction to NoSQL CISC525 - Unit 4 Phil …

    Introduction to SQL and NoSQL Databases. SQL (Structured Query Language) and NoSQL (commonly defined as “Not only Structured Query Language”) are the 2 most-popular querying languages in database management systems. About This Course. As a data pro, you know that some scenarios—particularly those involving real-time analytics, site personalization, IoT, and mobile apps—are better addressed with NoSQL storage and compute solutions than they are with relational databases.

    Course 441: Introduction to NoSQL Databases (4 days) Course Description. The growth of the internet has brought along with it the phenomena of Big Data and its massive quantities of rapidly evolving, unstructured information. The global NoSQL market is expected to reach $3.4 Billion by 2020 with a CAGR of 35.1%. The age of digitization has made the world generate massive amounts of data. Most of the conventional databases are not prepared to handle these data seamlessly which gives rise to the need to create the kind of

    Introduction to NoSQL Database: They were created to overcome the limitations of relational databases. They are easy to scale and have high availability. They are easy to … NoSQL products' categories NoSQL products can be categorized in – Document databases – Key/value stores – Sorted ordered column-oriented stores – Graph databases – XML data stores .

    Introductory Infodeck to NoSQL Databases. This is a PDF infodeck written by Pramod and me that provides a brief intro to NoSQL databases. Our intention is to explain to a technical manager audience why NoSQL databases are important. History - RDBMS I Relational DataBase Management Sys-tems were invented in the 1970s. E. F. Codd, "Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks"

    Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology Uppsala University 2013-03-05 The significantly smaller subset of analysis and algebraic abilities of a NoSQL system compared to a traditional database management system has also shifted the terminology of these databases from "database" to "data store".

    A Study of NoSQL and NewSQL databases for data aggregation on Big Data ANANDA SENTRAYA PERUMAL MURUGAN Stockholm 2013 Master’s at ICT Supervisor: Magnus Eriksson, Scania Examiner: Johan Montelius, KTH TRITA-ICT-EX-2013:256. Acknowledgements This thesis project is undertaken in Scania IT Architecture office under the supervision of Magnus Eriksson and it is … [ 31 ] Chapter 4: Building an Application with C#, Cosmos DB, a NoSQL Document Database, and the SQL API

    A quick introduction to NoSQL databases, highlighting the key areas where traditional relational databases fall short, leads to the first takeaway: “While relational databases offer consistency, they are not optimized for high performance in applications where massive data is … 4/18/2018 2 Types and Examples •Document database : A document-oriented database, or document store, is a computer program designed for storing, retrieving and

    Introduction to NoSQL Databases Tore Risch Information Technology Uppsala University 2013-03-05 [ 31 ] Chapter 4: Building an Application with C#, Cosmos DB, a NoSQL Document Database, and the SQL API

    Introduction to NoSQL. NoSQL, as many of you may already know, is basically a database used to manage huge sets of unstructured data, where in the data is not stored in tabular relations like relational databases. With the advent of Big Data and agile development methodologies, NoSQL databases have gained a lot of relevance. Their main advantage is the ability to handle effectively scalability and flexibility issues for modern applications.

    History - RDBMS I Relational DataBase Management Sys-tems were invented in the 1970s. E. F. Codd, "Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks" If NoSQL is all about leaving SQL behind, then what takes its place? First, we need to clear something up: NoSQL is a bad name. Really, these are non-relational databases.

    MongoDB is an open-source, document-oriented, NoSQL database program. If you’ve been involved with the traditional, relational databases for long, the idea of a document-oriented, NoSQL database 8/04/2018 · Introduction to Nosql Databases. April 8, 2018 By pramodpk89 in Cassandra No Comments Tags: casandra introduction, no sql databases, no sql db, no sql fundamentals. Databases are the primary storage tiers in any software applications.In modern days a lot of data is being stored in persistant cache layers to reduce database load.The most popular way of storing data in databases …

    Introduction NoSQL – purpose-built data management NoSQL systems are purpose-built solutions, designed to address specific technical requirements. 3" Abstract(Traditional relational databases (RDBMSs) were the primary data stores for business applications for 20 years. Then, as the first phase of the Web got under way, new databases (such as Oracle’s MySQL) were introduced