PROCESS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN PDF



Process Analysis And Design Pdf

Business process analysis and design – importance of. The process of research involves emerging questions and procedures, data typically collected in the participant’s setting, data analysis inductively building from particulars to general themes, and the researcher making, Chapter 1 OBJECT-ORIENTED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN The shift of focus (to patterns) will have a profound and enduring effect on the way we write programs..

Business Process Analysis and D Provider's Edge

Job Analysis and Job Design Dr. Nghia Trong Nguyen. Software Design Process Requirement Elicitation and Analysis involves the determination of the exact requirements of the system. System Specification is used in deriving what the system should do, without saying how this is to be achieved. Design phase is intended towards addressing how the system is to be implemented. Implementation phase is traditionally described as programming. Unit, Project Management & Business Analysis Managing Projects or Continuous Improvement within CSU Presented by Project Service Centre . Course Objectives COURSE OBJECTIVES Understand the importance of project management and business analysis to CSU Familiarise with project management and business analysis principles Develop project management and bu sine aly skills ….

1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in … Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this

March 25, 2011 23 Business Process Landscape • Business process design is one element of the business process landscape − Design − Implementation and operation − Management • Continuum from business process analysis and design to business process development and implementation to business process operation and management − Can look for a solution that crosses entire continuum The process of research involves emerging questions and procedures, data typically collected in the participant’s setting, data analysis inductively building from particulars to general themes, and the researcher making

Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Base™, which enables customers to improve operational • Identify the steps in the electrical design process. • Determine the scope of an electrical design project. • Interpret the various components of an electrical plan, including general and specialized loads, lighting systems, and distribution systems. • Recognize the symbols used in electrical plan design. • Identify the standards and regulations that guide the electrical design

March 25, 2011 23 Business Process Landscape • Business process design is one element of the business process landscape − Design − Implementation and operation − Management • Continuum from business process analysis and design to business process development and implementation to business process operation and management − Can look for a solution that crosses entire continuum tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and

The methodology aims to create (i.e. analyze and design) a model of the system of business processes which: • respects basic objectives and goals, current state and specific characteristics of … The methodology aims to create (i.e. analyze and design) a model of the system of business processes which: • respects basic objectives and goals, current state and specific characteristics of …

Business process re-engineering (BPR) is a business management strategy, originally pioneered in the early 1990s, focusing on the analysis and design … Job Analysis and Job Design Job analysis └Process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job.

Process Design and Analysis. Introduction . The objective of organization is to provide service and product, which satisfy customer and create value for them. A product and service designed is based on the customer feedback and requirement of the market. Process design is where the product is broken down into parts, which further can be helpful in the actual manufacturing process. A product Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text.

March 25, 2011 23 Business Process Landscape • Business process design is one element of the business process landscape − Design − Implementation and operation − Management • Continuum from business process analysis and design to business process development and implementation to business process operation and management − Can look for a solution that crosses entire continuum Project Management & Business Analysis Managing Projects or Continuous Improvement within CSU Presented by Project Service Centre . Course Objectives COURSE OBJECTIVES Understand the importance of project management and business analysis to CSU Familiarise with project management and business analysis principles Develop project management and bu sine aly skills …

In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and Process Design WHAT IS PROCESS DESIGN? To design is to conceive the looks, arrangement and workings of something before is is created. At the start of the process design activity it is important to understand the design objectives, especially at first, when the overall shape and nature of the process is being decided.

Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design

process analysis and design pdf

Process Modeling Analysis and Design As Is To Be. In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and, Job Analysis and Job Design Job analysis в””Process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job..

Process analysis and design in organization Open Access. tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and, • Identify the steps in the electrical design process. • Determine the scope of an electrical design project. • Interpret the various components of an electrical plan, including general and specialized loads, lighting systems, and distribution systems. • Recognize the symbols used in electrical plan design. • Identify the standards and regulations that guide the electrical design.

Process analysis and design in organization Open Access

process analysis and design pdf

Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design. March 25, 2011 23 Business Process Landscape • Business process design is one element of the business process landscape − Design − Implementation and operation − Management • Continuum from business process analysis and design to business process development and implementation to business process operation and management − Can look for a solution that crosses entire continuum tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and.

process analysis and design pdf


Process Modeling, Analysis and Design: As Is, To Be Achieving success with BPM relies upon skill in process modeling, analysis and design. This course equips you with the practical, applied knowledge to lead/facilitate process improvement projects. Analysis phase of a business process design effort is to understand how the processes of an organization or department function and interact, the goal of the design phase is to improve the way that those processes function and interact.

Analysis phase of a business process design effort is to understand how the processes of an organization or department function and interact, the goal of the design phase is to improve the way that those processes function and interact. 1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in …

• Identify the steps in the electrical design process. • Determine the scope of an electrical design project. • Interpret the various components of an electrical plan, including general and specialized loads, lighting systems, and distribution systems. • Recognize the symbols used in electrical plan design. • Identify the standards and regulations that guide the electrical design PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider

In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed.

Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text. Chapter 1 OBJECT-ORIENTED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN The shift of focus (to patterns) will have a profound and enduring effect on the way we write programs.

Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in The process of research involves emerging questions and procedures, data typically collected in the participant’s setting, data analysis inductively building from particulars to general themes, and the researcher making

Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this Process Design WHAT IS PROCESS DESIGN? To design is to conceive the looks, arrangement and workings of something before is is created. At the start of the process design activity it is important to understand the design objectives, especially at first, when the overall shape and nature of the process is being decided.

Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Baseв„ў, which enables customers to improve operational Request PDF on ResearchGate Process Analysis and Design Using Business Process Management Systems This teaching case is designed as part of a MBA/Graduate or Undergraduate elective course in

Process Design and Analysis. Introduction . The objective of organization is to provide service and product, which satisfy customer and create value for them. A product and service designed is based on the customer feedback and requirement of the market. Process design is where the product is broken down into parts, which further can be helpful in the actual manufacturing process. A product A template for teaching chemical product and process design was introduced by Seider et al. (2004a) and its relationship to the Stage-Gate product development process was discussed by Seider et …

Business Process Analysis and D Provider's Edge

process analysis and design pdf

Process analysis and design in organization Open Access. A template for teaching chemical product and process design was introduced by Seider et al. (2004a) and its relationship to the Stage-Gate product development process was discussed by Seider et …, Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Base™, which enables customers to improve operational.

Process analysis and design in organization Open Access

Job Design Meaning Steps and its Benefits. feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed., tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and.

–Quantitative analysis of a design’s efficiency –Critique product designs for ease of assembly –The importance of involving production engineers in DFMA analysis . Design for Assembly Definition: DFA is the method of design of the product for ease of assembly. ‘…Optimization of the part/system assembly’ DFA is a tool used to assist the design teams in the design of products that Chapter 1 OBJECT-ORIENTED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN The shift of focus (to patterns) will have a profound and enduring effect on the way we write programs.

Project Management & Business Analysis Managing Projects or Continuous Improvement within CSU Presented by Project Service Centre . Course Objectives COURSE OBJECTIVES Understand the importance of project management and business analysis to CSU Familiarise with project management and business analysis principles Develop project management and bu sine aly skills … The process of research involves emerging questions and procedures, data typically collected in the participant’s setting, data analysis inductively building from particulars to general themes, and the researcher making

tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text.

In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider

A template for teaching chemical product and process design was introduced by Seider et al. (2004a) and its relationship to the Stage-Gate product development process was discussed by Seider et … Process Design and Analysis. Introduction . The objective of organization is to provide service and product, which satisfy customer and create value for them. A product and service designed is based on the customer feedback and requirement of the market. Process design is where the product is broken down into parts, which further can be helpful in the actual manufacturing process. A product

Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design: Mahmoud Farag 1 Chapter 1 PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRIZE. Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design: Mahmoud Farag 2 Chapter 1 Goals and Objectives The overall goal is to introduce the spectrum of activities that are normally involved in the different product development … Business process re-engineering (BPR) is a business management strategy, originally pioneered in the early 1990s, focusing on the analysis and design …

Process Design WHAT IS PROCESS DESIGN? To design is to conceive the looks, arrangement and workings of something before is is created. At the start of the process design activity it is important to understand the design objectives, especially at first, when the overall shape and nature of the process is being decided. tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and

PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider A template for teaching chemical product and process design was introduced by Seider et al. (2004a) and its relationship to the Stage-Gate product development process was discussed by Seider et …

Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text. PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider

Analysis phase of a business process design effort is to understand how the processes of an organization or department function and interact, the goal of the design phase is to improve the way that those processes function and interact. Project Management & Business Analysis Managing Projects or Continuous Improvement within CSU Presented by Project Service Centre . Course Objectives COURSE OBJECTIVES Understand the importance of project management and business analysis to CSU Familiarise with project management and business analysis principles Develop project management and bu sine aly skills …

Job Analysis and Job Design Job analysis в””Process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job. Process Design and Analysis. Introduction . The objective of organization is to provide service and product, which satisfy customer and create value for them. A product and service designed is based on the customer feedback and requirement of the market. Process design is where the product is broken down into parts, which further can be helpful in the actual manufacturing process. A product

Business process re-engineering (BPR) is a business management strategy, originally pioneered in the early 1990s, focusing on the analysis and design … feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed.

Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider

tical training in process automation and the design of closed control loops and binary control systems. The authors feel that this workbook will provide a meaningful contribu- • Identify the steps in the electrical design process. • Determine the scope of an electrical design project. • Interpret the various components of an electrical plan, including general and specialized loads, lighting systems, and distribution systems. • Recognize the symbols used in electrical plan design. • Identify the standards and regulations that guide the electrical design

PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider Job Analysis and Job Design Job analysis в””Process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job.

1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in … Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Base™, which enables customers to improve operational

Feasibility Analysis Process System Analysis and Design

process analysis and design pdf

Job Analysis and Job Design Dr. Nghia Trong Nguyen. Chapter 1 OBJECT-ORIENTED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN The shift of focus (to patterns) will have a profound and enduring effect on the way we write programs., Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this.

Process analysis and design in organization Open Access. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in, Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Baseв„ў, which enables customers to improve operational.

Job Analysis and Job Design Dr. Nghia Trong Nguyen

process analysis and design pdf

Business process analysis and design – importance of. Process Design WHAT IS PROCESS DESIGN? To design is to conceive the looks, arrangement and workings of something before is is created. At the start of the process design activity it is important to understand the design objectives, especially at first, when the overall shape and nature of the process is being decided. tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and.

process analysis and design pdf


tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and

Software Design Process Requirement Elicitation and Analysis involves the determination of the exact requirements of the system. System Specification is used in deriving what the system should do, without saying how this is to be achieved. Design phase is intended towards addressing how the system is to be implemented. Implementation phase is traditionally described as programming. Unit Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text.

Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in

In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed.

Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design: Mahmoud Farag 1 Chapter 1 PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRIZE. Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design: Mahmoud Farag 2 Chapter 1 Goals and Objectives The overall goal is to introduce the spectrum of activities that are normally involved in the different product development … Abstract. In this chapter the principles for process analysis and design are presented. The aim is to provide the background required to better understand the reasons behind the evolution of the processes that are presented throughout this text.

1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in … feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed.

feasibility analysis process In any large-scale software development process the primary concern is information gathering, which is of two folds: Interviewing process, where executives, managers, administrative staff and operational staff are interviewed. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in

tical training in process automation and the design of closed control loops and binary control systems. The authors feel that this workbook will provide a meaningful contribu- PRODUCT ANDPROCESS DESIGNPRINCIPLES Synthesis,Analysis,andEvaluation ThirdEdition International StudentVersion WarrenD. Seider

Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this Project Management & Business Analysis Managing Projects or Continuous Improvement within CSU Presented by Project Service Centre . Course Objectives COURSE OBJECTIVES Understand the importance of project management and business analysis to CSU Familiarise with project management and business analysis principles Develop project management and bu sine aly skills …

Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes Fourth Edition Turton_Fm.indd i 4/30/12 6:19 PM . The Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemical Engineering Sciences had its auspicious beginning in 1956 under the direction of Neal R. Amundsen. The series comprises the most widely adopted college textbooks and supplements for chemical engineering education. Books in Introduction to System Analysis and Design :: 5 (d) System Analysis Systems analysis is a process of collecting factual data, understand the processes involved, identifying problems and recommending fea-

Business Process Analysis and Design solutions for the Global 2000. ProActivity develops, sells and supports the first and only scalable software platform and related products for capturing, analyzing, optimizing, and sharing business process knowledge across the enterprise. The heart of ProActivity is the exclusive Process Knowledge Baseв„ў, which enables customers to improve operational Detail design and analysis step enables a complete study of the solutions and result in identification of the final design that best fits the product requirements. Following this

1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in … Job Analysis and Job Design Job analysis └Process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job.

1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in … In business, System Analysis and Design refers to the process of examining a business situation with the intent of improving it through better procedures and methods. System analysis and design relates to shaping organizations, improving performance and

–Quantitative analysis of a design’s efficiency –Critique product designs for ease of assembly –The importance of involving production engineers in DFMA analysis . Design for Assembly Definition: DFA is the method of design of the product for ease of assembly. ‘…Optimization of the part/system assembly’ DFA is a tool used to assist the design teams in the design of products that • Identify the steps in the electrical design process. • Determine the scope of an electrical design project. • Interpret the various components of an electrical plan, including general and specialized loads, lighting systems, and distribution systems. • Recognize the symbols used in electrical plan design. • Identify the standards and regulations that guide the electrical design

The process of research involves emerging questions and procedures, data typically collected in the participant’s setting, data analysis inductively building from particulars to general themes, and the researcher making Process Design and Analysis. Introduction . The objective of organization is to provide service and product, which satisfy customer and create value for them. A product and service designed is based on the customer feedback and requirement of the market. Process design is where the product is broken down into parts, which further can be helpful in the actual manufacturing process. A product

March 25, 2011 23 Business Process Landscape • Business process design is one element of the business process landscape − Design − Implementation and operation − Management • Continuum from business process analysis and design to business process development and implementation to business process operation and management − Can look for a solution that crosses entire continuum 1 THE PROCESS & CONTENT OF JOB & WORK ORGANIATION (RE)DESIGN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work Design One of the very quickest ways to increase dignity and meaning in …

process analysis and design pdf

Process Design WHAT IS PROCESS DESIGN? To design is to conceive the looks, arrangement and workings of something before is is created. At the start of the process design activity it is important to understand the design objectives, especially at first, when the overall shape and nature of the process is being decided. tween the output and reference input to control the process.Often the difference be-tween the output of the process under control and the reference input is amplified and used to control the process so that the difference is continually reduced. The feedback concept has been the foundation for control system analysis and design. A closed-loop control system uses a measurement of the output and